Mobile App Development
Along with the rapid development of digital technology, businesses in Nigeria are also adapting by providing services that make it easier for customers to access their business. 

One of the technological developments that facilitates access to services for customers is a cellular application or mobile apps. 

This mobile application-based business service also contributes greatly to increasing the value of Nigeria's digital economy. 

The five sectors that contribute the most to Nigeria's digital economy come from sectors that utilize mobile applications, such as e-commerce, online media (music, video, games, and advertising), fintech, online travel, and transportation services. 

In the development of mobile applications, programmers can use several approaches, namely native, hybrid, or cross platform. Here is some important information to determine which is a better and more cost-effective approach to your business services. 

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1. Native approach

Application development with a native approach written in one programming language for a particular operating system. 

Compared to other approaches, native apps deliver the most optimal performance. This is because the application is built with a different set of codes according to the mobile operating system, namely Android or iOS. 

For iOS, application development uses Objective-C and Swift, while application development for Android uses Java or Kotlin.

Native apps also work well offline and have the best performance compared to other approaches. This approach is perfect for businesses that are already well-run and have a fairly large and consistent number of users. 

Applications with a native approach are also suitable for businesses that require fairly complex features and use many supporting hardware technologies such as fingerprint systems, GPS, cameras, microphones, etc.

Native app development is the dream of many mobile app owners, but unfortunately not all can afford to use this approach. Cost is the biggest constraint because building and maintaining native apps requires more time and people to do it.

2. Hybrid approach

Application development with a hybrid approach is written using the same or similar programming language as the website application. 

The app consists of two parts: the backend code and the native or frontend view which can be downloaded to display the backend in a website view. Unlike website apps, mobile apps with a hybrid approach don't require a browser to access them and can take advantage of any plugins and device APIs. While building apps using a hybrid approach is cheaper than native apps, they tend to be slower in performance. 

3. Cross-platform approach

Application development with a cross-platform approach is written with a special programming language and technology so that the application can run on various operating systems such as iOS and Android. Mobile apps with a cross-platforms approach use platforms like Flutter to develop them. 

Flutter is a technology product made by Google that operates using the Dart programming language. Flutter is a collection of UI kits based on open source and can be used to develop Android, iOS, Linux, Mac, Windows, Google Fuchsia, and websites applications from a single codebase. 

Flutter runs on the Dart virtual machine which features a Just In Time execution engine such as on Windows, MacOS, and Linux operating systems. 

When writing code and fixing bugs in mobile apps, Flutter uses Just In Time compilation which allows hot reloading. With this hot reload, modifications to the source files can be included in the running application. Flutter extends this process and stateful hot reloads, which in most cases changes to the source code can be reflected directly in the running application without requiring a view restart.


If the three approaches above are compared, application development with a cross-platform approach is the best option and is balanced in terms of cost and performance. The final result of an application using a cross-platforms approach using Flutter is cheaper than the native approach.

Application performance from cross-platforms is also better when compared to the hybrid approach. So, which approach will you choose for your business?
Harbyj | Author

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